Home >
What is IPFS?

What is IPFS?

Here's a quick definition of IPFS:

Data, files, webpages, and applications can be stored and accessed in a distributed file system called IPFS. Open-source IPFS has thousands of contributors and is free to use.

For example, to find the aardvark article on Wikipedia, you must type that URL into your browser's address bar. Your computer will then contact a Wikipedia computer, which could be located across town (or even on another planet).

There are other ways to satisfy your aardvark cravings, of course! Instead, you might use an IPFS-hosted copy of Wikipedia. Aardvark information may be found by its content, not its location, thanks to IPFS (more on that, which is called content addressing, below). Aardvark information is represented by that string of numbers in the center of the URL (QmXo...). Instead of requesting Wikipedia's computers for the page, your computer utilizes IPFS to request the page from a network of computers across the world. Aardvark information can be obtained from a variety of sources, not just Wikipedia.

It isn't just downloading files from someone else that you do when you utilize IPFS; you're actually helping to disseminate them. Using IPFS, if your friend a few blocks away requires the same Wikipedia page that you do, they might get it from you.

Not only may web pages use IPFS, but any type of computer-stored file can, including documents, emails, and even database records.

IPFS powers the Distributed Web, a peer-to-peer network protocol, is aimed to conserve and grow humanity's knowledge by making the web upgradeable and resilient as well as more open.


Assuring that a content can be downloaded from a variety of locations that aren't controlled by an individual company:

Contributes to a more stable and reliable internet. However, you can still acquire the same content from other sources if the servers of Wikipedia are attacked or natural disasters or if an engineer at Wikipedia makes a catastrophic error that causes their servers to catch fire.

Content censorship becomes more difficult. IPFS makes it difficult for anyone (states, companies, or anyone else) to ban files because they come from a variety of sources. We think that IPFS can help us avoid situations like this in the future.

Internet speeds might be boosted whether you're disconnected or far away. You can typically receive a file faster if you can get a hold of it locally rather than from someone thousands of kilometers away. Even though your neighborhood is well-connected locally, it may not have a reliable connection to the internet at large. In the modern world, Well-funded organizations are accomplished by using numerous data centers or CDNs—content distribution networks—to distribute material (opens new window). IPFS aims to make this a reality for all.

The InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) is its full name from that last point. To design a system that works in areas disconnected or as far apart as planets is our goal. Even if that's an idealistic objective, it keeps us working and thinking hard, as well as producing a lot of valuable things are also useful here at home.

How Does IPFS work?

It is a peer-to-peer (p2p) storage network known as IPFS. It is possible to access content from anywhere in the world via peers who can relay information, store it, or do both at the same time. Content addresses rather than physical locations are used by IPFS to find what you're looking for.

Understanding IPFS is based on three essential principles:

Through the use of content-based identifiers

Directional acyclic graphs are used for content linkage (DAGs)

Distributed hash tables are used for content discovery (DHTs)

In order for the IPFS ecosystem to function, each of these three guiding principles must be present. Directed acyclic graphs, or DAGs, are a data structure used by IPFS and many other distributed systems. Combining Merkle Tree and Directed Acyclic Graph, it is known as Merkle-DAG (DAG). Merkle trees guarantee the integrity of data blocks transmitted on p2p networks. Using cryptographic hash functions, this verification is carried out.

When it comes to using the internet, IPFS helps do it better.


It is possible to store the world's information for future generations by employing IPFS, which provides deduplication, clustered persistence, and high performance.

Providers of services

Providing users with a big volume of data? Because IPFS uses peer-to-peer content transmission, it can help you save money on bandwidth.


Storage of data with IPFS can assist speed up performance and enable decentralized archiving when you're dealing with massive datasets or distribution.

Developers of the Blockchain

You can store huge files off-chain and put immutable, permanent links in transactions without having to put piece of data itself on-chain using IPFS content address.

Creators of content

IPFS empowers creators to construct and share on the decentralized web, whether that means delivering content without intermediary control or minting NFTs that can withstand time.

Users that aren't connected to the internet

Those with insufficient internet infrastructure have significant challenges while using high-latency networks. Peer-to-peer IPFS provides dependable data access regardless of network latency or connectivity issues.

Persistence and Availability

Files stored on IPFS, users may access from any IPFS node that has a copy, which speeds up data transfers and lowers the burden on any one server. A copy of the data is stored locally by each user in case another user needs it in the future. As long as the user does not "pin" the material, these copies are only temporary and will be erased unless the user does so. When a node's disk space is running low, pinning a CID tells IPFS that the data it contains is significant and should not be deleted.

You can also use a remote pinning service to take care of the infrastructure. Without any vendor lock-in, remote pinning services like Pinata (opens new window) and Eternum (opens new window) provide redundant, highly available storage for your IPFS data. You may easily move between pinning providers or migrate to your own private infrastructure as your platform expands thanks to IPFS's usage of CID instead of location to address content.

What is the connection between IPFS and Filecoin?

Protocol Labs developed both Filecoin and IPFS, a set of interoperable standards. In contrast to IPFS, Filecoin is aimed to create a system of long-term data storage, while IPFS allows peers to store, request, and transfer verifiable data with each other. The IPFS + FileCoin infrastructure enables storage on a global network of local providers who are free to establish prices based on supply and demand instead of a centralized infrastructure with preset pricing. Data storage providers receive payouts and benefits for holding data indefinitely and cryptographically hashed validating its authenticity under Filecoin's incentive structure.